importance of soil to animals and plants

Soil is important to plants because it stores nutrients and serves as a medium for growth. Studies should be made of the form in which the fertilizing elements are supplied—whether organic, inorganic, colloidal, or otherwise—and the effects [of each] on plant growth and composition. 32–36. Hutchinson’s Scientific and Technical Publications, Paternoster Row, London, E.C.4., 1936. [products tag="patrick-earvolino" limit="3"], +1 (866) 407-9323 Eventually, it should be possible to test the effects of plants of known composition on human beings. The wet-ashing procedure of Gorsuch (1959) … Now, the point of this discussion of the interrelationship between soils, plants, animals, and human beings can be summed up briefly so far as agricultural research is concerned. Investigators of the Bureau of Dairy Industry of the United States Department of Agriculture state: “Early-cut hay is more palatable, digestible, and nutritious. Agriculture. One special animal that is commonly found in the soil is earthworms. When plants die, their decomposed remains are added to the soil. Analyses of the same kind of plant grown in different regions and showing striking differences in composition are recorded. Soils also protect plants from the destructive biological, physical, and chemical activities and equally shield them against erosion. It throws new light on what we in agriculture have always known—that the soil and the plant are the primary sources of what might be called the fundamental well-being of people. Agricultural scientists are taking cognizance of the nutritional studies in their own and related fields. During the … The incidence of anemia has been reported to be especially high among schoolchildren in areas where soil deficiencies are known to be responsible for “salt-sick,” an anemia-like condition in livestock. Much information on these points is already available, but one of the great needs now appears to be that of making accurate studies and complete analyses of agricultural soil types and areas, and the crops that grow on them, under known conditions of climate, fertilization, variety, irrigation, and stage of maturity to determine whether deficiencies or excesses of certain elements occur in such soils and plants and, if so, to correct the conditions, with the ultimate view of improving the health of human beings. Consideration should also be given to the digestibility and utilization in the [human] body of the various plant compounds in relation to other factors affecting metabolism and growth. CEO Compensation and America's Growing Economic Divide. Thus iron, as a constituent of the respiratory pigment hemoglobin, is essential for the functioning of every organ and tissue in the body and plays a fundamental role as a catalyst for cellular oxidation. According to Maynard2 over 70 percent of the ash of the animal body consists of calcium and phosphorus, and approximately 99 percent of the calcium and 30 percent of the phosphorus of the body are present in the bones and teeth. There are two important aspects as far as soil properties are concerned. The forms in which these various elements occur in plants and the tissues of the plant in which they are stored should be determined. soil animals are important as they break down substances into humus which is very essential for the growth of plants, secondly they aid in maintaining a balance in ecosystem. Soils protect plants from erosion and any other destructive physical, biological and chemical activity. At the same time, we are discovering that deficiencies of certain elements essential to the health of the animal organism exist in some soils, while other soils have accumulations of harmful substances. I would go so far as to say that we can now see the outlines of a whole new field of biological, or shall I say agricultural, research. ... the fundamental process of energy transfer in the plant. Source: www.aces.uiuc.edu.com Earth is called a green planet because of the presence of plants. Soil is one of the three principal natural resources; the other two are air and water. What we need especially to do now is to put together the various parts we do know, so that in acquiring new knowledge we can move forward on a unified front. Similarly, the presence of toxic elements such as selenium and fluorine in certain soil areas has been noted. We do know that if certain elements such as selenium, thallium, fluorine, arsenic, and lead are present in too large quantities, they are definitely toxic to both plants and animals. He may feel rather helpless when it comes to the question of how to increase the purchasing power of large numbers of people, but the other problem—improving the quality of the foods they do get—should be within his grasp. We agricultural scientists have felt a strong responsibility for quantity production in the United States. That would be worth doing even if it should involve a sacrifice in yield—which should not happen, but which, if it did, would run counter to the main trend of our work in the past. As a result, it is used in agriculture to nourish plants. Soil support roots and keep them erect for growth. As the biggest plants on the planet, they give us oxygen, store carbon, stabilise the soil and give life to the world’s wildlife. Loamy sand contains mostly sand plus clay and silt. Why Lichens are important for environment? Frequently nutritive elements are present in soils in forms unavailable to plants, and special treatment of the soil may be necessary to bring them into the soil solution. An abstract of a recent paper by Thomas of the Ontario Agricultural College in Canada, entitled “The Influence of Soil Type and Climate on the Chemical Composition of Fodder Plants” and presented before a symposium of the summer meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science at Ottawa in 1938, is significant in this connection. Mineral Requirements of Plants and Animals. 3. de La H. Marett, J.R. Race, Sex, and Environment: A Study of Mineral Deficiency in Human Evolution, pp. As a regulator and collector of water, soil absorbs and stores moisture for plants and organisms to use. The agronomist accomplishes the same end by cutting, mowing, pasturage, and other practices. This reduces erosion and helps conserve the soil. These larger animals depend on soil for protection. Entire civilisations can rise and fall depending on their soil quality.This means that making the best use of our land and soils is very important for our well being and survival.  5740 Boeing Drive, Loveland, CO, 80538 Thus a great cycle, or wheel of life, is established, constructive processes balancing the destructive, the whole [thing] a cycle of energy exchange that in modifying animal and human development also modifies the whole complex of thought, emotion, happiness, sorrow, and the other factors affecting life. The proportions of clay and organic matter found in soil influence its fertility. This is referred to as soil fertility. Human well-being is the drive wheel of agricultural research, and this is basic to a prosperous and efficient nation. Doubtless, elements not now known to be essential may be found to be so in the future. 79 The lack or unavailability of iodine in soils and crops results in human and animal goiter. As a regulator and collector of water, soil absorbs and stores moisture for plants and organisms to use. Plants also help make soil. The suggestion I would like to convey is this: There is a mass of material relating to the physiological needs of human beings. Improved yields of potatoes, snap beans, cabbage, lettuce, peppers, carrots, beets, citrus, and corn result when manganese is applied to the calcareous soils of Florida; and white bud of corn on the Norfolk and Hernando fine sands in Florida is prevented with zinc. The importance of continuing investigations to determine which elements are essential not only for the best development of plants but for the production of the highest quality plants—which, when consumed, will meet the nutritional requirements of man and animals—is evident. Soil condition is very important to animals for many reasons. Some time ago in Australia, and more recently in New Zealand, the lack of cobalt in certain soils—and thus in the plants—was determined to be the cause of the so-called “bush sickness” of sheep; the addition of cobalt is now preventing the trouble. Animals, who are incapable of making their own food, depend on plants for their supply of food. Many of the elements just mentioned are likewise important for the best development of man and animals. The investigations should include thorough studies of proteins, amino acids, carbohydrates, fats, vitamins, enzymes, hormones, other growth accessory substances, the ordinary minerals, and the so-called “trace” or “rare” elements and their effects on man. A vital function of soil is storing and supplying minerals and nutrients essential for plant life. It is well recognized that the compositions of plants grown on different soil types in the same climatic region vary in both organic and inorganic constituents. There is need for a concerted attempt to correlate composition of foods with soil type, climatic conditions, and the practices followed in their production. Thus the time of pruning or cutting plants in relation to their stage and type of growth, as affecting later composition and response, is important. The fact that many of the sandy soils of the Coastal Plain, certain calcareous soils, and the muck soils, as well as other types, are deficient in some of the minerals essential for plants, animals, and man has been pointed out. It is a problem of crop production, of food production. As a result, these plants produce important needs … The necessity of sufficient amounts of calcium and phosphorus and a suitable ratio between them, together with vitamin D, is recognized. Lee Foundation for Nutritional Research PO Box 270091, Fort Collins, CO, 80527 We have been prone to consider the problems of each separately rather than to study them as a whole. Green plants, in the presence of sunlight, accomplish this by combining the carbon dioxide of the air and water to form carbohydrates. Thus, by practices such as spraying, pruning, and shading, the horticulturist can influence the capacity of plants to synthesize, translocate, and store carbohydrates. This is referred to as soil fertility. Thus the soil is the mother of all living things. Patrick Earvolino is a Certified Nutritionist and Special Projects Editor for Selene River Press, Inc. A Terrible Ten: Health Foods That Ain’t, Patrick Earvolino is a Certified Nutritionist and Special Projects Editor for Selene River Press, Inc. From organic farming to food-based vitamins, from raw milk to fermented foods, Dr. Lee set the course for the field of whole food nutrition. The claim is made that great differences result in plants used as food if the fertilizers used are “colloidal” [rather than in another form]. Generally, plants simply make people feel better. Investigations should be made, therefore, of the nature or availability of the compounds occurring in soils and how they are affected by chemical and biological processes in the soil; of the periodicity of their intake or distribution within the plant; of the differences among species of plants or among strains within a species in their need for mineral elements and their ability to accumulate them; and of the effects of chemical additions to the soil on the composition of the plant. From Science, 1939. Obviously here is a case where an interrelationship must be studied—the interrelationship between the physical well-being of man and the factors in the soil that affect the composition and development of plants. Thus boron, zinc, copper, iron, manganese, iodine, and cobalt are apparently needed only in relatively small amounts. Plants also provide animals with shelter, produce clothing material, medicines, paper products, reduce noise levels and wind speed, reduce water runoff and soil erosion. Results of only a few of the most recent experiments show that the following physiological troubles of plants, among others, have been corrected by furnishing the necessary limiting elements: 1) sand drown of tobacco in the soils of the sandy [Atlantic] Coastal Plain by magnesium 2) chlorosis of tomatoes on some of the calcareous soils in Florida by manganese 3) internal browning of cauliflower and dry rot of sugar beets in Michigan, crown rot of sugar beets in Ireland, and dieback of citrus in Africa by boron 4) pecan rosette in the South by zinc 5) internal cork and drought spot of apples in British Columbia, West Virginia, and elsewhere by boron 6) citrus leaf mottle in California, South Africa, and Florida by zinc 7) little leaf of apples and other deciduous fruits in the West and Northwest by zinc, and 8) cracked stem of celery in Florida by boron. Plant, and water to form carbohydrates found importance of soil to animals and plants the book minerals in H.K... 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